Commerce illégal des oiseaux sauvages au Maroc: photo reportage

Ces images montrent l'ampleur du commerce illégal des oiseaux sauvages au Maroc. C'est juste un rappel à toutes les parties concernées (Eaux et Forêts, la nouvelle police environnementale, les ONGs ....) sur ce commerce illégal et non durable. En vertu de la loi marocaine, toutes ces espèces sont protégées.

Toutes les photos ont été prises par Daniel Bergin en Mai-Juin 2013 dans différentes villes marocaines (Rabat, Marrakech, Casablanca et Fès). Bergin est un étudiant en master à l'université d'Oxford Brookes, et son travail de terrain au Maroc a été fait dans le cadre de son étude pour obtenir un diplôme de master en conservation des primates. Il nous a contacté à Moroccan Birds au début de l’année au sujet de quelques questions concernant son travail du terrain, et nous a envoyé ces images à la fin de ses voyages. Birgin a noté dans son email qu'il n'a pas fait une étude complète des oiseaux qu'il a rencontré, ces images ne montrent donc que la "pointe de l'iceberg" du commerce illégal des oiseaux sauvages au Maroc.


Illegal wild bird trade in Morocco:

These images show the scale of the illegal wild bird trade in Morocco, one may say that we all know this, but it's nice to remind all involved parties (Eaux et Forêts/Forestry Administration, the new Environmental Police, NGOs....) about this illegal and unsustainable trade. Under Moroccan law, all these species are protected. 

All photographs were taken by Daniel Bergin in May-June 2013 in different Moroccan cities (Rabat, Marrakech, Casablanca and Fez). Bergin is a Master's student at the Oxford Brookes University, and his Moroccan fieldwork was done in the framework of his study to earn a master's degree in Primate Conservation. He contacted us at Moroccan Birds earlier this year about some questions regarding his fieldwork, and sent us these images at the end of his surveys. Birgin noted in his email that he has not done a full survey of the birds he encountered, so these pictures show only the ‘tip of the Iceberg’ of the illegal wild bird trade in Morocco.


Pictures 1 & 2 are from Rabat. I encountered three of the species pictured, one Common Buzzard and two Black Kites. All three were seen on two separate surveys and only the Booted Eagle was seen on a third.



Black Kites (Milvus migrans)
1) Black Kites (Milvus migrans)
Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo)
2) Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo)

Pictures 3 - 10 are from Marrakech

Pictures 3, 4 & 5 are of photo props found in Jemaa el-Fnaa square:

Rüppell's Vulture (Gyps rueppellii) +  Common Kestrels (Falco tinnunculus)
3) Rüppell's Vulture (Gyps rueppellii) + Common Kestrels (Falco tinnunculus)

Barbary Falcon (Falco pelegrinoides) + Atlas Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus cirtensis)
4) Barbary Falcon (Falco pelegrinoides) + Atlas Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus cirtensis)
Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)
5) Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)

The birds in pictures 6 and 7 were being sold (1000dh for the smaller individual) and also used as photo props:

Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus)
6) Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus)
Common Kestrels (Falco tinnunculus)
7) Common Kestrels (Falco tinnunculus)

Picture 7 is of a large bird pelt that was drying in the sun. Because the pelt is of a large bird and has an obvious rufous under-wing coverts (left upper part of the picture), we think it’s probably an Atlas Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus cirtensis) or a Booted Eagle (Aquila pennata).



Bird pelt: Aquila pennata OR Buteo rufinus cirtensis
8) Bird pelt: Aquila pennata OR Buteo rufinus cirtensis ??

Pictures 9 and 10 found in the Mellah spice market, Marrakesh:

Caged Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)
9) Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) and mammal fur
Feathers of the Common Hoopoe (Upupa epops)
10) Feathers of the Common Hoopoe (Upupa epops) ready to be sold for people to use them in “traditional medicine”, magic and charlatanism.

Pictures 11-13 are from a wildlife and 'medicine' market in Casablanca:

11) Common Hoopoes and Little Owls (Athene noctua) packed with Spur-thighed tortoise (Testudo graeca)
Common Hoopoe (Upupa epops)
12) Common Hoopoes and packed with Spur-thighed tortoises.
 same animals as in picture 11
Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo)
13) Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo)

Pictures 14 - 16 are from the bird market at Bab Guissa, Fez on a Friday and Sunday morning. There were no birds larger than pigeons at this market when visited:

Caged Fringillidae species
14) Three Fringillidae species: Common Linnets (Carduelis cannabina), Eurasian Siskins (C. spinus) and a Greenfinch (Chloris chloris). 
Caged Fringillidae species
15) Common Linnets (Carduelis cannabina), Eurasian Siskins (C. spinus) and a Greenfinch (Chloris chloris)
Bird market
16) Bird market at Bab Guissa, Fez 

Vos idées sur l'identification des oiseaux sont les bienvenus. Merci.

Your ideas on the bird identification are very welcome. Thanks.

Thanks to Alex Colorado Delgado for correcting the identification of 4 species.